Plant Propagation and Nursery Management.pdf

 Book detels -- Propagation and Nursery Management.pdf
Plant Propagation and Nursery Management.p
page 237





Propagation: Need and potentialities for plant
multiplication,
sexual and asexual methods of propagation,
advantages and disadvantages.
Seed dormancy
(scarification & stratification) internal and external
factors, nursery techniques, apomixes – mono-embrony,
polyembrony, chimera & bud sport. Propagation Structures:
Mist chamber, humidifiers, greenhouses, glasshouses, cold
frames, hot beds, poly-houses, nursery (tools and
implements), use of growth regulators in seed and
vegetative propagation, methods and techniques of cutting,
layering, grafting and budding physiological & biochemical
basis of rooting, factors influencing rooting of cuttings
and layering, graft in compatibility. Anatomical studies of
bud union, selection and maintenance of mother trees,
collection of scion wood stick, scion-stock relationship,
and their influences, bud wood certification, techniques of
propagation through specialized organs, corm, runners,
suckers. Micrografting, hardening of plants in nurseries.
Nursery registration act. Insect/pest/disease control in
nursery.
Practical: Media for propagation of plants in nursery beds, pot and
mist chamber. Preparation of nursery beds and sowing of seeds.
Raising of rootstock. Seed treatments for breaking dormancy and
inducing vigorous seedling growth. Preparation of plant material for
potting. Hardening plants in the nursery. Practicing different types
of cuttings, layering, graftings and buddings including opacity and
grafting, etc. Use of mist chamber in propagation and hardening of
plants. Preparation of plant growth regulators for seed germination
and vegetative propagation. Visit to a tissue culture laboratory.
Digging, labelling and packing of fruit plants. Maintenance of
nursery records. Use of different types of nursery tools and
implements for general nursery and virus tested plant material in the
nursery. Cost of establishment of a mist chamber, greenhouse,
glasshouse, polyhouse and their maintenance. Top grafting, bridge
grafting and nursery management. Nutrient and plant protection

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